We are all aware of various population-related issues that people have been facing all across the globe. In 1989, July 11 was established as the World Population Day by United Nations and since then it has been celebrated every year. The day serves an important motive of spreading awareness about over-population, under-population and birth control. Almost on the verge of completing three decades now, the day focuses on different themes every year. This year, it will run on the theme of “Family Planning is a Human right”.
The world population is currently pegged at around 7 billion and according to UN reports is growing at a fast pace, adding 83 million people every year. Going by the message published on the UNFPA website to celebrate the World Population Day, the organization called for governments to “fulfill their commitments to ensure universal access to sexual and reproductive health care”, as it was agreed at the 1994 international conference on population. According to the United Nations, family planning is not just an important part of human rights, but works equally for women empowerment, reducing poverty and acquiring sustainable growth.
The United Nations have listed down nine standards to uphold the human rights to family planning which include-
Available and Accessible– All the countries should ensure that family planning commodities and services are available for all the families and easily accessible to all.
Non-discrimination– According to the UN, family planning information and services should not be restricted on the basis of race, sex, language, religion, political affiliation, national origin, age, economic status, place of residence, disability status, marital status, sexual orientation or gender identity.
Acceptable– Family planning services and information should be put out in the open for all in a dignified and acceptable manner, respecting both modern medical ethics and the cultures of those being accommodated.